Detection of Urinary schistosomiasis, the associated risk factors, and its impact on blood parameters among Almajiris in two selected rural communities of Kaduna State

  • *Balla, H.J., Inabo, H.I. and Olonitola, S.O

  • UJMR 2022, 7(1), Pp 82 - 88, DOI:  10.47430/ujmr.2271.013


This study aimed to detect the presence of urinary schistosomiasis, the associated risk factors and its impact on blood parameters among Almajiris in two selected rural communities of Kaduna State. Urine samples were collected from 193 Almajiri subjects and processed by sedimentation method and examined under the microscope. Blood samples were also collected from the subjects and processed using SWELAB auto analyser for full blood count. A well-structured knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) questionnaire was administered to the subjects and used to obtain demographic and other associated risk factors. The overall prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis in the 2 study areas was 16.1%. Bomo recorded 17.5% while Rafin Guza recorded 22.9% prevalence respectively. Subjects in the age-group 11-16 years had a higher prevalence of 33% (p<0.05). Among the risk’s factors assessed, subjects that visit the stream for swimming and used well water recorded a higher prevalence of (33.7%) and (17.2%) respectively (p<0.05). Awareness about the disease revealed higher prevalence (p<0.05). Prevalence of the infection among the subjects was also found to be significantly associated with White blood cell (WBC) count, Lymphocyte and monocyte count (p<0.05). The present study identified the study areas to represent moderate–risk community for urinary schistosomiasis. The study advocates the use of mass treatment with Praziquantel to help in reducing the infection level and help to control transmission of the disease.

Keyword: Urinary schistosomiasis, risk factors, haematological parameters

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The Editorial Board of UJMR is glad to have published the Twelfth edition (Volume 7 Number 1, June, 2022). The Journal covers general and Applied Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biological Sciences, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Medical, Public Health and Environmental sciences.

This year, UMYU Journal of Microbiology Research (UJMR) has reached its 5th year of publication which started in 2016. Over these years, many changes have been made to the typeface and general formats of the manuscripts, both the print version and online copies, to make the Journal meet the international standard and more visually appealing. From volume 3 (2) onward, all the online copies of UJMR papers on our website have been uploaded with their full colours. In addition, both authors and co-author are issued with e-certificates of publication for their respective published manuscripts.

We are glad that UJMR is gaining wider acceptance within Nigeria and in some foreign countries, and the number of submissions to the Journal is increasing. Despite the increase in manuscripts, UJMR maintained its quality as reflected by the rigorous peer-reviewing process. All articles submitted are accepted for publication based on a fair, objective, and anonymous assessment by our editors backed by the cogent decision by the editorial board. UJMR has thus increased the number of her associate editors by bringing in more people from academia who are experts in various fields within the scope of the Journal to enhance/maintain the speedy review of manuscripts received from various authors. The UJMR website has been upgraded so that UJMR readers and authors could get vital services such as online submission of manuscripts, downloading UJMR archives, author guidelines, etc.

UJMR’s vision is to be an internationally recognised premier journal of Microbiology, to contribute toward high-quality research and dissemination of UJMR to reach a larger audience worldwide. The journal is now indexed with reputable indexing organizations such as Crossref, Index Corpernicus International, International Institute of Organized Research (I2OR), Google Scholar, CiteSeerX, among others. In addition, the Journal has scored a publication impact factor of 2.525 for the year 2020 and Index Corpernicus value (ICV) of 85.02. Moreover, all our published articles are now assigned DOI. We hope that anyone with the expertise would join us and collaborate with our effort to obtain a much higher Impact Factor. We are delighted that UJMR is the first University-based microbiology journal in Nigeria. Therefore, we urge our academic colleagues to join hands with us towards projecting scientific research.

We appreciate the tireless efforts of the editorial board members, our editorial advisers, associate editors, and authors that contributed towards making UJMR a high-quality research journal. The support extended to the Journal by the Vice Chancellor and Umaru Musa Yar’adua University management is highly appreciated.


Dr. Bashir Abdulkadir

Editor – in – Chief       

Abstracting and Indexing