Evaluation of the Haematological Profile of Children Under Five (5) Years Infected with Malaria Attending Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital, Kano-Nigeria

  • * Adama Ibrahim Jibril, Khadija Umar Tela, Safiyyu Mujitapha Umar, Iman Maikano Khalid and Muhammad Adamu Abbas

  • UJMR 2022, 7(1), Pp 99 - 104, DOI:  10.47430/ujmr.2271.015

Abstract

Malaria is a serious public health concern worldwide, particularly in hyper endemic areas of tropical and subtropical regions, including Nigeria. This study investigated haematological profile of children under five (5) years infected with malaria attending Murtala Muhammad Specialist Hospital, Kano-Nigeria. Venous blood was aseptically collected from the ante-cubital vein. Thick and thin blood films were prepared and viewed under a light microscope to identify and quantify the malaria parasites. The study involved 160 children randomly selected: comprising of 80 malaria positive and 80 negative children. Full blood count was estimated using SYSMEX auto-hematology analyzer (Lincolnshire, Illinois U.S.A.). The results showed that red blood cells were statistically lower in malaria infected (3.64±1.09×106/µL) compared to the controls (4.16±0.86×106/µL). Haemoglobin concentration (HGB) of malaria infected children was also lower (8.78±3.14g/dl) than that of the control group (10.56±2.33g/dl). Similarly, hematocrit percentage of the infected children was significantly lower (25.58±6.28%) compared to the controls of (27.03±7.35%). The platelet count (PLT) of the malaria children were also lower in the case group (172.27±120.65×103/µL) compared to the controls with (240.73±143.23×103/µL), (P>0.05). While the total White Blood Cell counts (WBC) and its differentials did not show any statistically significant difference between the malaria infected and the controls (p>0.05). This study clearly demonstrated that malaria significantly affects the haematological profile of children under five years of age leading to anemia and thrombocytopenia, with no effects on the white blood cells and differentials.

Keywords: Malaria, Children, Morbidity, Haematological profile.

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The Editorial Board of UJMR is glad to have published the Twelfth edition (Volume 7 Number 1, June, 2022). The Journal covers general and Applied Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biological Sciences, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Medical, Public Health and Environmental sciences.

This year, UMYU Journal of Microbiology Research (UJMR) has reached its 5th year of publication which started in 2016. Over these years, many changes have been made to the typeface and general formats of the manuscripts, both the print version and online copies, to make the Journal meet the international standard and more visually appealing. From volume 3 (2) onward, all the online copies of UJMR papers on our website have been uploaded with their full colours. In addition, both authors and co-author are issued with e-certificates of publication for their respective published manuscripts.

We are glad that UJMR is gaining wider acceptance within Nigeria and in some foreign countries, and the number of submissions to the Journal is increasing. Despite the increase in manuscripts, UJMR maintained its quality as reflected by the rigorous peer-reviewing process. All articles submitted are accepted for publication based on a fair, objective, and anonymous assessment by our editors backed by the cogent decision by the editorial board. UJMR has thus increased the number of her associate editors by bringing in more people from academia who are experts in various fields within the scope of the Journal to enhance/maintain the speedy review of manuscripts received from various authors. The UJMR website has been upgraded so that UJMR readers and authors could get vital services such as online submission of manuscripts, downloading UJMR archives, author guidelines, etc.

UJMR’s vision is to be an internationally recognised premier journal of Microbiology, to contribute toward high-quality research and dissemination of UJMR to reach a larger audience worldwide. The journal is now indexed with reputable indexing organizations such as Crossref, Index Corpernicus International, International Institute of Organized Research (I2OR), Google Scholar, CiteSeerX, among others. In addition, the Journal has scored a publication impact factor of 2.525 for the year 2020 and Index Corpernicus value (ICV) of 85.02. Moreover, all our published articles are now assigned DOI. We hope that anyone with the expertise would join us and collaborate with our effort to obtain a much higher Impact Factor. We are delighted that UJMR is the first University-based microbiology journal in Nigeria. Therefore, we urge our academic colleagues to join hands with us towards projecting scientific research.

We appreciate the tireless efforts of the editorial board members, our editorial advisers, associate editors, and authors that contributed towards making UJMR a high-quality research journal. The support extended to the Journal by the Vice Chancellor and Umaru Musa Yar’adua University management is highly appreciated.

 

Dr. Bashir Abdulkadir

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