Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum Infection among HIV Patients Attending Selected Hospitals in Niger State, Nigeria

  • Muhammad T. H.*, Inabo, H. I., Machido, D. A. and Ameh, J.B.

  • UJMR 2022, 7(1), Pp 7-12, DOI: 10.47430/ujmr.2271.002

Abstract

Malaria and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) are among the world’s greatest health problems and are concentrated in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Together, they are the cause of death of millions of people each year, hence they become a burden and a threat for development in India, Southern Asia, South America and Africa including Nigeria. The prevalence of malaria among HIV patients attending selected hospitals in Niger State, Nigeria was determined. A total of 300 HIV patients within the age range of 2-69years were enrolled, of which 217 were females and 83 were males. Four (4) mL of venous blood was drawn from each participant. The blood samples were examined for the presence of Plasmodium falciparum using thin and thick films while the CD4count was determined using flow cytometer (Partec Cyflow). Plasmodium falciparum was detected in 43 out of 300 participants with a prevalence of 14.3%.The prevalence was observed to be higher in males (18.07%) than in females (12.90%) and in the age group 1-10years (28.57%). Statistically, there was no association between Plasmodium falciparum infection with sex (p = 0.223) or age (p =0.253). The CD4 counts of all the participants ranges between 28-2000 cells/μL with a mean of 1111.40 + 739.589. Patients with Plasmodium falciparum infection had lower CD4 counts than those that were negative. Conclusively, HIV individuals with severe immunosuppression (CD4 counts <200 cells/µL) are at higher risk of Plasmodium falciparum infection. Hence, HIV individuals should take all necessary measures to prevent the infection to avoid the negative impact.

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UJMR News

The Editorial Board of UJMR is glad to have published the Twelfth edition (Volume 7 Number 1, June, 2022). The Journal covers general and Applied Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biological Sciences, Biochemistry, Bioinformatics, Medical, Public Health and Environmental sciences.

This year, UMYU Journal of Microbiology Research (UJMR) has reached its 5th year of publication which started in 2016. Over these years, many changes have been made to the typeface and general formats of the manuscripts, both the print version and online copies, to make the Journal meet the international standard and more visually appealing. From volume 3 (2) onward, all the online copies of UJMR papers on our website have been uploaded with their full colours. In addition, both authors and co-author are issued with e-certificates of publication for their respective published manuscripts.

We are glad that UJMR is gaining wider acceptance within Nigeria and in some foreign countries, and the number of submissions to the Journal is increasing. Despite the increase in manuscripts, UJMR maintained its quality as reflected by the rigorous peer-reviewing process. All articles submitted are accepted for publication based on a fair, objective, and anonymous assessment by our editors backed by the cogent decision by the editorial board. UJMR has thus increased the number of her associate editors by bringing in more people from academia who are experts in various fields within the scope of the Journal to enhance/maintain the speedy review of manuscripts received from various authors. The UJMR website has been upgraded so that UJMR readers and authors could get vital services such as online submission of manuscripts, downloading UJMR archives, author guidelines, etc.

UJMR’s vision is to be an internationally recognised premier journal of Microbiology, to contribute toward high-quality research and dissemination of UJMR to reach a larger audience worldwide. The journal is now indexed with reputable indexing organizations such as Crossref, Index Corpernicus International, International Institute of Organized Research (I2OR), Google Scholar, CiteSeerX, among others. In addition, the Journal has scored a publication impact factor of 2.525 for the year 2020 and Index Corpernicus value (ICV) of 85.02. Moreover, all our published articles are now assigned DOI. We hope that anyone with the expertise would join us and collaborate with our effort to obtain a much higher Impact Factor. We are delighted that UJMR is the first University-based microbiology journal in Nigeria. Therefore, we urge our academic colleagues to join hands with us towards projecting scientific research.

We appreciate the tireless efforts of the editorial board members, our editorial advisers, associate editors, and authors that contributed towards making UJMR a high-quality research journal. The support extended to the Journal by the Vice Chancellor and Umaru Musa Yar’adua University management is highly appreciated.

 

Dr. Bashir Abdulkadir

Editor – in – Chief       

Abstracting and Indexing